The fortunate geographical position of the S. Salvatore site, 6 km from the ancient town of Metapontion, on a terrace to the right of the Bradano River, has favoured stable settlement forms in the area since the Bronze Age, a period to which a necropolis dates.

A farm dates back to the Greek period, as testified by the discovery of some tombs, characterised by rich grave goods datable between the end of the 6th and the 4th century BC, and by the presence of an ancient drainage canal built using Hellenic construction techniques. The structures and archaeological material found also attest to the presence of a possible place of worship pertaining to the chora, inserted in a context of considerable importance, datable between the 5th and 4th centuries BC.

The collected materials can be attributed to different classes: clay votive terracottas (ex voto type statuettes), depicting the couple Silenus - female figure, bearing different attributes such as amphora, patera, cornucopia, miniature ceramics and the architectural fragment of an Ionic type stone capital, of which one of the volutes remains. The kiln, with a diameter of approximately 2.5-3 m, can be ascribed to the Roman and medieval periods.

Two funerary contexts datable to the 6th-7th centuries AD date back to the early Middle Ages. In the 11th century AD Roberto Maccabeo, nephew of Roberto Guiscardo, built a fortified settlement in this area called 'Castrum Sancti Salvatoris De Marina', which was then donated to the Benedictine Abbey of St Michele Arcangelo in Montescaglioso and held as a fief until the beginning of the 17th century.

Of the original structure of the medieval settlement, some parts of the boundary wall, the tower and the church, dedicated to St Salvatore, are preserved.



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