On the border between Bernalda and Montescaglioso, the Bufalara Wood is a holm oak wood on the north side of the ditch of the same name.

A few hundred metres wide and 7-8 km long, it is so rich in undergrowth and steep slopes that it is impenetrable in many places. The old paths made by peasants, brigands and hunters have recently been cleared and today, through a gap, you can easily walk through the forest for at least 1 km. The wood is a surprising and unexpected natural resource, in view of the surrounding anthropization, an extraordinary route, a corner rich in spring waters, flora (downy oak, viburnum thyme, poplar, arboreal erika, lentisk, phillyrea, ivy, butcher's broom, hornbeam, laurel, strawberry tree, horsetail, horsetail, maple, reeds, brambles, willows, wild vines, tamarisks, mushrooms) and fauna (wild boar, wolves, foxes, badgers, wood pigeons, hoopoe, blackbirds, passerines).

The Bufalara Wood is rich in history, as it was the subject of peasant struggles and a centuries-old dispute between the two municipalities involved, which was only resolved in 1976 with the final allocation of a slope to the Municipality of Bernalda. The wood is linked to the story of the killing of the Brigante Coppolone (1834-1865) who, having gone into hiding for various crimes, was seriously wounded in the Bufalara Wood in 1865 and died shortly afterwards.

The Bufalara Wood, if properly preserved, should be handed down to future generations in the natural state in which it is still found today. This is a feasible goal, considering the interest that this place has aroused in recent years, thanks also to the first national place obtained in 2010 in the competition "The school adopts a forest" by the students of the IIS of Bernalda.



Piazza Plebiscito snc

75012 Bernalda (MT)

+39 0835 540 214